|Birth Name||Marshall Mathers III|
|Birth Date||October 17, 1972|
|Also Known As||Slim Shady|
|Home Town||Warren, Michigan|
|Occupation(s)|| Rapper |
|Label(s)|| Mashin' Duck |
|Associated acts|| Dr. Dre |
Royce da 5'9"
Marshall Bruce Mathers III (born October 17, 1972), better known by his stage name Eminem, is an American rapper, record roducer, and actor. Eminem quickly gained popularity in 1999 with his major-label debut album, The Slim Shady LP, which won a Grammy Award for Best Rap Album. The following album, The Marshall Mathers LP, became the fastest-selling solo album in United States history. It brought Eminem increased popularity, including his own record label, Shady Records, and brought his group project, D12, to mainstream recognition.
The Marshall Mathers LP and his third album, The Eminem Show, also won Grammy Awards, making Eminem the first artist to win Best Rap Album for three consecutive LPs. He then won the award again in 2010 for his album Relapse, giving him a total of 11 Grammys in his career. In 2003, he won the Academy Award for Best Original Song for "Lose Yourself" from the film, 8 Mile, in which he also played the lead. "Lose Yourself" would go on to become the longest running No. 1 hip hop single. Eminem then went on hiatus after touring in 2005. He released his first album since 2004's Encore, titled Relapse, on May 15, 2009. Eminem is the best-selling artist of the decade on the US Nielsen SoundScan, and has sold more than 80 million albums worldwide to date, making him one of the best-selling music artists in the world. In 2010, Eminem released his seventh studio album Recovery. It became Eminem's sixth consecutive number-one album in the US and achieved international commercial success, charting at number one in several other countries. It stayed at number-one on the US Billboard 200 chart for five consecutive weeks and a total of seven weeks. Recovery was also reported by Billboard to be the best-selling album of 2010, making Eminem the first artist in Nielsen SoundScan history to have two year-end best-selling albums.
Eminem was ranked 79th on the VH1 100 Greatest Artists of All-Time. He was also ranked 82nd on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time. He was also named the Best Rapper Alive by Vibe magazine in 2008. Including his work with D12, Eminem has achieved nine No. 1 albums on the Billboard Top 200, 7 solo (6 studio albums, 1 compilation) and 2 with D12. Eminem has had 13 number one singles worldwide. In December 2009, Eminem was named the Artist of the Decade by Billboard magazine. His albums The Eminem Show, The Marshall Mathers LP, and Encore (in order) ranked as the 3rd, 7th, and 40th best-selling albums of the 2000–2009 decade by Billboard magazine. Also according to Billboard, Eminem has two of his albums among the top five highest selling albums of the 2000s. In the UK, Eminem has sold over 12.5 million records. Eminem has also sold more than 33 million track downloads and 39.6 million albums in the United States alone. In 2010, MTV ranked Eminem as the 7th biggest icon in pop music history. During 2010, Eminem's music generated 94 million streams, more than any other music artist.
Early life Edit
Eminem was born Marshall Bruce Mathers III on October 17, 1972 in Saint Joseph, Missouri, as the only child of Deborah R. Nelson Mathers-Briggs and Marshall Bruce Mathers, Jr. He is of Scottish, English, German, Swiss, Polish, and possibly Luxembourgian ancestry. His father abandoned the family when he was 18 months old, and he was raised solely by his mother in poverty. By the age of 12, Mathers and his mother had moved between various cities and towns in Missouri (including Saint Joseph, Savannah, and Kansas City) before they settled in Warren, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit.
After procuring a copy of the Beastie Boys album Licensed to Ill as a teenager, Mathers became interested in hip hop, performing amateur raps at age 14 under the pseudonym "M&M" and joining the group called "Bassmint Productions" and released their first EP, Steppin' Onto The Scene. They later changed their name to "Soul Intent" and around 1995 they released their first single called "Fuckin' Backstabber" under the record label Mashin' Duck Records. Although he was enrolled at Lincoln High School in Warren, he frequently participated in freestyle battles at the now-defunct Osborn High School on Detroit's east side. Despite a well-documented struggle succeeding in a predominantly African-American industry, he gained the approval of underground hip hop audiences. After repeating the ninth grade twice due to truancy and near-failing grades, he dropped out of high school at age 17.
In 1991, Mathers' maternal uncle, Ronald "Ronnie" Nelson, committed suicide via shotgun wound to the head. Mathers was very close to his uncle, and was devastated at his death; today, he sports a tattoo reading "Ronnie R.I.P." on his upper left arm.
Musical career Edit
1992–1998: Early career and Infinite Edit
- See also:Infinite (Eminem album)
Mathers was initially signed to FBT Productions in 1992, run by brothers Jeff and Mark Bass. Mathers also held a minimum-wage job of cooking and dishwashing at the restaurant Gilbert's Lodge at St. Clair Shores for some time. In 1996, his debut album Infinite, which was recorded at the Bassmint, a recording studio owned by the Bass Brothers, was released under their independent label Web Entertainment. Eminem recalled, "Obviously, I was young and influenced by other artists, and I got a lot of feedback saying that I sounded like Nas and AZ. 'Infinite' was me trying to figure out how I wanted my rap style to be, how I wanted to sound on the mic and present myself. It was a growing stage. I felt like 'Infinite' was like a demo that just got pressed up." Subjects covered in Infinite included his struggles with raising his newborn daughter Hailie Jade Mathers while on limited funds and his strong desire to get rich. Early in his career, Eminem collaborated with fellow Detroit MC Royce da 5'9" under the stage name Bad Meets Evil. After the release of Infinite, Eminem's personal struggles and abuse of drugs and alcohol culminated in an unsuccessful suicide attempt.
Jimmy Iovine, CEO of Interscope Records, requested a demo tape of Eminem's after Eminem placed second at the 1997 Rap Olympics. Eminem had also won Wake Up Show's Freestyle Performer Of The Year award helping him acquire a record deal. Iovine played the tape for record producer Dr. Dre, founder of Aftermath Entertainment. The two began recording tracks for Eminem's upcoming major-label debut The Slim Shady LP, and Eminem made a guest performance on the album Devil Without a Cause by Kid Rock. Hip-hop magazine The Source featured Eminem in its "Unsigned Hype" column in March 1998.
1997–1999: The Slim Shady LP Edit
- Main article:The Slim Shady LP
According to Billboard Magazine, at this point in his life Eminem had "realized his musical ambitions were the only way to escape his unhappy life". After being signed to Aftermath Entertainment/Interscope Records in 1998, Eminem released his first major studio album, The Slim Shady LP, heavily based on the production by Dr. Dre, one year later in 1999. Billboard praised the album as "light years ahead of the material he had been writing beforehand". It went on to be one of the most popular albums of 1999, going triple platinum by the end of the year. With the album's popularity came controversy surrounding many of the album's lyrics. In "'97 Bonnie and Clyde", he describes a trip with his infant daughter, disposing of his wife's body. Another song, "Guilty Conscience", ends with his encouraging a man to murder his wife and her lover. "Guilty Conscience" marked the beginning of the friendship and musical bond that Dr. Dre and Eminem would share. The two label-mates would later collaborate on a line of hit songs, including "Forgot About Dre" and "What's the Difference" from Dr. Dre's album 2001, "Bitch Please II" from The Marshall Mathers LP, "Say What You Say" from The Eminem Show, "Encore/Curtains Down" from Encore and "Old Time's Sake" and "Crack a Bottle" from Relapse. Dr. Dre would go on to make at least one guest appearance on all of Eminem's studio albums under the label Aftermath. The album has now been certified 4 times platinum by the RIAA.
2000–2001: The Marshall Mathers LP Edit
- Main article:The Marshall Mathers LP
The Marshall Mathers LP was released in May 2000. It went on to sell 1.76 million copies in its first week, breaking the records set by Snoop Dogg's Doggystyle as the fastest-selling hip hop album and Britney Spears' ...Baby One More Time as the fastest-selling solo album in United States history. The first single released from the album, "The Real Slim Shady", was a success and created some controversy by insulting celebrities and making dubious claims about them; he states, among other things, that Christina Aguilera performed oral sex on Fred Durst and Carson Daly. In his second single, "The Way I Am", he reveals to his fans the pressures from his record company to top "My Name Is" and sell more records. Although Eminem had parodied shock rocker Marilyn Manson in the video "My Name Is", the artists are reportedly on good terms. They performed a remix of the song "The Way I Am" together in concert. In the third single, "Stan" (which samples Dido's "Thank You"), Eminem attempts to deal with his new-found fame, taking on the persona of a deranged fan who kills himself and his pregnant girlfriend, mirroring "'97 Bonnie & Clyde" on The Slim Shady LP. In the music video of "Stan", Eminem was shown writing with his left hand, ending the fan debate over his dominant hand. Q magazine named "Stan" the third-greatest rap song of all time, and the song came tenth in a similar survey conducted by Top40-Charts.com. The song has since become highly acclaimed and was ranked 290th in Rolling Stone magazine's "500 Greatest Songs of All Time" list. In July 2000, Eminem became the first white person to be featured on the cover of The Source magazine. This album has been certified 9x platinum by the RIAA.
Eminem performed with Elton John at the 43rd Grammy Awards ceremony in 2001; the Gay and Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation (GLAAD), an organization that perceived Eminem's lyrics to be homophobic, condemned the openly gay John's decision to perform with Eminem. Entertainment Weekly put it on its end-of-the-decade, "best-of" list, saying, "It was the hug heard 'round the world. Eminem, under fire for homophobic lyrics, shared the stage with a gay icon for a performance of "Stan" that would have been memorable in any context." On February 21, the day of the ceremony, GLAAD held a protest outside the Staples Center, the venue where the Grammy ceremony was held. Music tours that he participated in for 2001 included the Up In Smoke Tour with rappers Dr. Dre, Snoop Dogg, Xzibit, and Ice Cube and Family Values Tour with the band Limp Bizkit.
2002–2003: The Eminem Show Edit
- Main article:The Eminem Show
Eminem's third major album, The Eminem Show, was released in summer 2002 and proved to be another hit for the rapper reaching number one on the charts and selling well over 1 million copies in its first week of release. It featured the single "Without Me", in which he makes derogatory comments about boy bands, Limp Bizkit, Moby, and Lynne Cheney, among others. The Eminem Show has been certified 8x platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA). The album reflected on the impact of his rise to fame, his relationship with his wife and daughter, and his status in the hip-hop community. He also addresses the charges he faced over assaulting a bouncer he saw kissing his wife in 2000. Stephen Thomas Erlewine of Allmusic felt that while there was clear anger present on several tracks, this album was considerably less inflammatory than The Marshall Mathers LP. However, L. Brent Bozell III, who previously criticized The Marshall Mathers LP for perceived misogynistic lyrics in the album, noted The Eminem Show for its extensive use of obscene language, giving Eminem the nickname "Eminef" for the bowdlerization of motherfucker, an obscenity prevalent in the album. The Eminem Show was the best-selling album of 2002.
2004–2005: Encore Edit
- Main article:Encore (Eminem album)
The Media Research Center claims that on December 8, 2003, the United States Secret Service admitted it was "looking into" allegations that Eminem had threatened the President of the United States. The lyrics in question: "Fuck money/I don't rap for dead presidents/I'd rather see the president dead/It's never been said, but I set precedents ..." The song in question, "We As Americans", wound up on a bonus CD accompanying the album.
In 2004, Eminem released his fourth major album, Encore. The album was another chart-topper, as it was driven by the single "Just Lose It", notable for being disrespectful towards Michael Jackson. On October 12, 2004, a week after the release of "Just Lose It", Eminem's first single off Encore, Michael Jackson called into the Los Angeles-based Steve Harvey radio show to report his displeasure with the video, which parodies Jackson's child molestation trial, plastic surgery, and an incident in which Jackson's hair caught on fire while filming a Pepsi commercial in 1984. The lyrics to "Just Lose It" refer to Jackson's legal troubles, however he does state in his song "... and that's not a stab at Michael/That's just a metaphor/I'm just psycho...." Many of Jackson's supporters and friends spoke out about the video, including Stevie Wonder, who called the video "kicking a man while he's down" and "bullshit", and Steve Harvey, who declared, "Eminem has lost his ghetto pass. We want the pass back." In the video, Eminem parodied Pee Wee Herman, MC Hammer, and "Blond Ambition"-era Madonna.
Regarding Jackson's protest, "Weird Al" Yankovic, who parodied the Eminem song "Lose Yourself" on a track titled "Couch Potato" on his 2003 album Poodle Hat, told the Chicago Sun-Times, "Last year, Eminem forced me to halt production on the video for my "Lose Yourself" parody because he somehow thought that it would be harmful to his image or career. So the irony of this situation with Michael is not lost on me." Black Entertainment Television was the first channel to stop airing the video. MTV, however, announced it would continue airing the video. The Source, through its CEO Raymond "Benzino" Scott, wanted not only the video to be pulled, but the song off the album, and a public apology to Jackson from Eminem. In 2007 Jackson and Sony bought Famous Music LLC from Viacom. This deal gave him the rights to songs by Eminem, Shakira and Beck, among others.
Despite the comedic theme of the lead single, Encore had its fair share of serious subject matter, including the anti-war track "Mosh". On October 25, 2004, a week before the 2004 US Presidential election, Eminem released the video for "Mosh" on the Internet. The song featured a very strong anti-Bush message, with lyrics such as "fuck Bush" and "this weapon of mass destruction that we call our president". The video features Eminem gathering up an army of people, including rapper Lloyd Banks, presented as victims of the Bush administration and leading them to the White House. However, once the army breaks in, it is revealed that they are there to simply register to vote, and the video ends with the words "VOTE Tuesday November 2" on the screen. After Bush was re-elected, the video's ending was changed to Eminem and the protesters invading while Bush was giving a speech.
2005–2008: Musical hiatus Edit
In 2005, some industry insiders speculated that Eminem was considering ending his rapping career after six years and several multi-platinum albums. Speculation began in early 2005 about a double-disc album to be released late that year, rumored to be titled The Funeral. The album later manifested itself as a greatest hits album under the name Curtain Call: The Hits in December. In July 2005, the Detroit Free Press broke news of a potential final bow for Eminem as a solo performer, quoting members of his inside circle who said that he will begin to fully embrace the role of producer and label executive. On the same day of the release of the compilation album, Eminem denied that he was retiring on Detroit-based WKQI's "Mojo in the Morning" radio show, but implied that he would at least be taking a break as an artist, saying "I'm at a point in my life right now where I feel like I don't know where my career is going ... This is the reason that we called it 'Curtain Call', because this could be the final thing. We don't know." He released The Re-Up with the members of his record label, Shady Records. It was released in 2006.
In 2005, Eminem was a subject of Bernard Goldberg's book, 100 People Who Are Screwing Up America; he ranked No. 58. Goldberg cited a 2001 column by Bob Herbert of The New York Times claiming, "In Eminem's world, all women are whores and he is eager to rape and murder them." Goldberg cited Eminem's song "No One's Iller" from The Slim Shady EP as an example of misogyny in his music. In summer 2005, Eminem embarked on his first US concert run in three years, the Anger Management 3 Tour, featuring 50 Cent, G-Unit, Lil' Jon, D12, Obie Trice, The Alchemist, and others. In August 2005, Eminem canceled the European leg of the tour and subsequently announced that he had entered drug rehabilitation for treatment for a "dependency on sleep medication".
Curtain Call: The Hits was released on December 6, 2005, under Aftermath Entertainment. In its first week it sold nearly 441,000 copies in the US and was Eminem's fourth straight No. 1 album on the Billboard Hot 200. The album has been certified 2x Platinum by the RIAA.
2008–2009: Relapse and Relapse: Refill Edit
- Main article:Relapse (album)
In September 2007, Eminem called into New York radio station Hot 97 during an interview with 50 Cent and said he was "in limbo" and "debating" about when and if he would release another album. He said, "I'm always working – I'm always in the studio. It feels good right now, the energy of the label. For a while, I didn't want to go back to the studio ... I went through some personal things. I'm coming out of those personal things [and] it feels good."
Eminem made an appearance on his Sirius channel Shade 45 in September 2008 in which he said, "Right now I'm kinda just concentrating on my own stuff, for right now and just banging out tracks and producing a lot of stuff. You know, the more I keep producing the better it seems like I get 'cause I just start knowing stuff." It was around this time that Interscope finally confirmed the existence of a new Eminem album, with Spring 2009 later being stated as the period span in which the album is due. In December 2008, he gave more details on the album, which he recently reported was being titled Relapse. He said, "Me and Dre are back in the lab like the old days, man. Dre will end up producing the majority of the tracks on 'Relapse'. We are up to our old mischievous ways ... let's just leave it at that."
On March 5, 2009, Eminem reported in a press release that he would be releasing two new albums that year. Relapse, the first album, was released on May 19, while "We Made You", the first official single and its music video, were released on April 7. While Relapse didn't manage to sell as well as Eminem's previous efforts, it was still a commercial success that received some critical acclaim, while also re-establishing his presence in the hip hop world. Relapse was named one of the top albums of 2009. Relapse has sold more than five million copies worldwide. During the 2009 MTV Movie Awards, Sacha Baron Cohen descended upon the audience wearing an angel's costume and landed on top of Eminem with his buttocks facing towards Eminem's face, resulting in Eminem storming out of the awards ceremony in disgust. Three days later, Eminem stated it was a staged act that they had planned together. On October 30, Eminem performed at the Voodoo Music Experience in New Orleans as a headliner in his first full performance in 2009. The performance included several songs from Relapse, as well as many of Eminem's older hits and an appearance by D12. On November 19, Eminem announced on his website that Relapse: Refill would be released on December 21. The album was a re-release of the Relapse album with seven bonus tracks, including "Forever" and "Taking My Ball". In a statement he described the forthcoming CD:
I want to deliver more material for the fans this year like I originally planned ... Hopefully these tracks on The Refill will tide the fans over until we put out Relapse 2 next year ... I got back in with Dre and then a few more producers, including Just Blaze, and went in a completely different direction which made me start from scratch. The new tracks started to sound very different than the tracks I originally intended to be on Relapse 2, but I still want the other stuff to be heard.
2010–present: Recovery Edit
- Main article:Recovery (Eminem album)
On April 13, 2010, Eminem tweeted, "There is no Relapse 2", to his followers. When he tweeted this, people started to believe that he was not releasing an album at all, but it simply meant that the album title would be changed to Recovery. He confirmed this by tweeting, "RECOVERY", with a link to his website. Eminem said, "I had originally planned for Relapse 2 to come out last year. But as I kept recording and working with new producers, the idea of a sequel to Relapse started to make less and less sense to me, and I wanted to make a completely new album. The music on Recovery came out very different from Relapse, and I think it deserves its own title." His seventh studio album, Recovery, was released on June 21. In the US, Recovery sold 741,000 in its first week to land atop the Billboard 200. The first single, "Not Afraid", was released on April 29, and debuted at number one on the Billboard Hot 100, followed by a second single, "Love the Way You Lie," which debuted at number 2 and then rose. Despite some criticism towards its consistency, Recovery received positive reviews from most music critics. As of November 21, 2010, the album had sold three million copies in the US.
Eminem appeared at the 2010 BET Awards, performing "Airplanes Part II" with B.o.B and "Not Afraid". He also performed at the Activison E3 concert. In June 2010, Eminem and Jay-Z announced they would perform together in a pair of concerts in Detroit and New York. The event was dubbed The Home & Home Tour. The first two concerts rapidly sold out, prompting the scheduling of an additional show at each venue. BET also named Eminem the #1 rapper of the 21st century.
Eminem opened the 2010 MTV Video Music Awards on September 12, 2010, by performing "Not Afraid" and "Love the Way You Lie", with Rihanna performing the chorus. Due to the success of Recovery and the Home & Home Tour, he was named the 2010 Hottest MC in the Game by MTV  and "Emcee of the Year" by Hip-Hop news website HipHopDX.
Eminem and Rihanna collaborated once again to make "Love the Way You Lie, Part II", the sequel to their hit single "Love the Way You Lie". Rihanna is the lead singer, as opposed to Eminem being the main singer in the original "Love the Way You Lie". The song is said to be from the female perspective. Nicki Minaj has said that she has collaborated with rapper Eminem on a song titled "Roman's Revenge" that is expected to appear on her Pink Friday album. The song references Minaj's alter-ego Roman Zolanski and will feature Eminem's alter-ego Slim Shady. A new Alex da Kid and Eminem collaboration was to be released before Christmas, but none was.
Eminem is featured on the track "That's All She Wrote" on T.I.'s album No Mercy. A new track leaked titled "I Need a Doctor" that features Dr. Dre with production by Alex da Kid. It is rumored to be either on Detox or a new upcoming Eminem release. A track titled "Echo" also leaked featuring Royce da 5'9" possibly indicating a "Bad Meets Evil" sequel.
Other ventures Edit
Shady Records and D12 Edit
As Eminem succeeded in multi-platinum record sales, Interscope granted him his own record label. He and his manager Paul Rosenberg created Shady Records in late 1999. He followed this by signing his own Detroit collective D12 and rapper Obie Trice to the label. In 2002, Eminem signed 50 Cent through a joint venture between Shady and Dr. Dre's Aftermath label. In 2003, Eminem and Dr. Dre signed Atlanta rapper Stat Quo to the Shady/Aftermath roster. DJ Green Lantern, the former DJ for Eminem, was signed to Shady Records until a dispute related to the 50 Cent and Jadakiss feud forced him to depart from the label; he is no longer associated with Eminem. The Alchemist is now officially Eminem's tour DJ. In 2005, Eminem signed another Atlanta rapper, Bobby Creekwater, to his label along with West Coast rapper Cashis.
On December 5, 2006, Shady Records released compilation album, Eminem Presents: The Re-Up. It started out as a mixtape but Eminem found that the material was better than expected and released it as a full album. It was meant to help launch the new artists under the roster, like Stat Quo, Cashis and Bobby Creekwater. Around the time of recording Infinite, Eminem and rappers Proof and Kon Artis gathered the group of rappers now collectively in the group D12, short for "Detroit Twelve" or "Dirty Dozen", performing in the manner of the multi-man group Wu-Tang Clan. In 2001, Eminem brought his rap group, D12, to the popular music scene, and the group's debut album Devil's Night came out that year. The first single released off of the album was "Shit on You", followed by "Purple Pills", an ode to recreational drug use. For radio and television, the censored version "Pills" was heavily rewritten to remove many of the song's references to drugs and sex and was renamed "Purple Hills". While that single was a hit, the album's second single, "Fight Music", was not as successful.
After their debut, D12 took a three-year break from the studio, later regrouping to release their second album, D12 World, in 2004, which featured the popular hit single release "My Band". In April 2006, D12 member (and Eminem's childhood friend) Deshaun "Proof" Holton was killed in a club brawl on 8 Mile Road in Detroit, Michigan, with US military veteran Keith Bender, Jr., who also died in the fray. The eruption is suspected to have been due to an argument over a game of pool. Proof was then allegedly shot by the bouncer Mario Etheridge, Bender's cousin. He was taken by private vehicle to St. John Health's Conner Creek Campus, an outpatient emergency treatment site, but pronounced dead on arrival. Eminem and former Detroit Shady Records artist Obie Trice spoke at the funeral. D12 member Bizarre said that Eminem is not featured on his new album Blue Cheese & Coney Island because "he's busy doing his thing".
Acting career Edit
Although he had a brief cameo in the 2001 film, The Wash, Eminem made his official Hollywood acting debut with the semi-autobiographical 8 Mile, released in November 2002. He has said the movie is not an account of his life, but a representation of growing up in Detroit. He recorded several new songs for the soundtrack, including "Lose Yourself", which won an Academy Award for Best Original Song in 2003. However, the song was not performed at the ceremony, due to Eminem's absence at the ceremony. His collaborator, Luis Resto, who co-wrote the song, accepted the award.
Eminem has participated in various voice acting roles. Some of these include the video game 50 Cent: Bulletproof, where he voices an aging corrupt police officer who speaks in Ebonics and guest spots on the Comedy Central television show Crank Yankers, and a web cartoon called The Slim Shady Show, which has since been pulled off-line and is instead sold on DVD. He will be involved in either the soundtrack or scoring. He was also in the running for the part of David Rice in 2008's film Jumper after Tom Sturridge was dropped just two weeks before filming. Concerns over not having a more prominent actor prompted the director, Doug Liman, to consider other actors for the role. He eventually selected Hayden Christensen over Eminem. He also had a cameo appearance in the 2009 movie Funny People, in which he is involved in an argument with Ray Romano.
It was reported on November 8, 2009, that Eminem will star in the upcoming 3D horror anthology, Shady Talez, directed by John Davis. A four-issue comic book series based on the film is also expected to be published sometime in 2010.
Eminem appeared alongside Christina Aguilera on the Entourage Season 7 finale titled 'Lose Yourself' as himself. In December 2010, Deadline Hollywood announced that Eminem will star in the upcoming boxing drama, Southpaw, to be written by Kurt Sutter. Will be released on April 4, 2012.  In January 2011, a report surfaced that Eminem will star in the upcoming thriller, Random Acts of Violence.
On October 21, 2008, Eminem released a tell-all autobiography entitled The Way I Am, which details his struggles with poverty, drugs, fame, heartbreak and depression, along with stories about his rise to fame and commentary on past controversies. This book also contains some of the original lyric sheets from songs such as "Stan" and "The Real Slim Shady."
Influences and rapping technique Edit
Eminem has named several MCs who influenced his rapping style – these include Esham, Kool G Rap, Masta Ace, Big Daddy Kane, Newcleus, Ice-T, Mantronix, Melle Mel (specifically the track "The Message"), LL Cool J, Beastie Boys, Run-DMC, Rakim, and Boogie Down Productions.
In the book How to Rap, Guerilla Black notes that Eminem studied other MCs to create his rapping technique – “Eminem listened to everything and that’s what made him one of the greats”. In the same book, Eminem is praised for various aspects of his rapping technique by numerous other MCs – these techniques include: his varied and humorous subject matter, connecting with his audience, carrying a concept over a series of albums, complex rhyme schemes, his ability to bend words so that they rhyme, his use of multisyllabic rhymes, fitting many rhymes in each bar, complex rhythms, clear enunciation, use of melody, and syncopation. He is also known to write the majority of his lyrics down on paper, as documented in his book The Way I Am, as well as taking a few days or a week to craft lyrics, being a “workaholic”, and “stacking” vocals.
Featurings and productions Edit
Although he typically collaborates with various rappers under Aftermath Entertainment and Shady Records, such as Dr. Dre, 50 Cent, D12, and Obie Trice, Eminem has collaborated with many other artists, including Redman, Kid Rock, DMX, Missy Elliott, Wikipedia:Jay-ZJay-Z, Method Man, Jadakiss, Fat Joe, Sticky Fingaz, T.I. and others. Eminem rapped a verse in a live performance of Busta Rhymes' "Touch It" remix at the 2006 BET Music Awards on June 27, 2006. Eminem was featured on Akon's single "Smack That" which appeared on Akon's album Konvicted. He was featured on Lil Wayne's hit song Drop the World.
Eminem is also an active rap producer. Besides being the executive producer of D12's first two albums, Devil's Night and D12 World, he has executive produced Obie Trice's Cheers and Second Round's on Me as well as 50 Cent's Get Rich or Die Tryin' and The Massacre. In addition, Eminem has produced and appeared on several songs by other famous rappers, such as Jadakiss' "Welcome To D-Block", Wikipedia:Jay-ZJay-Z's "Renagade" and "Moment of Clarity" Lloyd Banks' "On Fire", "Warrior Part 2", and "Hands Up", Tony Yayo's "Drama Setter", Trick Trick's "Welcome 2 Detroit", and Xzibit's "My Name" and "Don't Approach Me". Most of The Eminem Show was produced by Eminem himself, with co-production from longtime collaborator Jeff Bass. He split the production with Dr. Dre on Encore. In 2004, Eminem was the Executive Producer of 2Pac's posthumous album Loyal to the Game with 2Pac's mother Afeni Shakur. He produced the UK No. 1 single "Ghetto Gospel" which featured Elton John. He has produced "The Cross" off Nas's album God's Son. On August 15, 2006, Obie Trice released Second Round's on Me. Eminem produced 8 tracks on the album. He was featured in the song "There They Go". Eminem produced some tracks on the new Trick Trick album, The Villain. He is also featured in "Who Want It".
With regard to the productions on his own records, Eminem is seen as having an unusual style in that rather than write to beats he typically starts with an idea of how he wants his song to be structured based on the lyrics and then creates music according to that. A notable exception to this was the song "Stan", which came from an idea and scratch track produced by Mark the 45 King.
Personal life Edit
Mathers has been the subject of much scrutiny, both as a rapper as well as in his personal life. He was married twice to Kimberley Anne Scott, whom he met in high school. They began their on-and-off relationship in 1989, getting married by 1999. In 2000, Scott attempted suicide and sued Eminem for defamation after he depicted her violent death in his song "Kim". The couple first divorced in 2001 but remarried in January 2006. Their second divorce was finalized in December of the same year, with the couple agreeing to share custody of their daughter, Hailie Jade Mathers (born December 25, 1995). Hailie Mathers has often been referenced or featured on various Eminem songs, such as "'97 Bonnie & Clyde", "Hailie's Song", "My Dad's Gone Crazy", "Like Toy Soldiers", "Mockingbird", "Forgot About Dre", "Cleanin' Out My Closet", "When I'm Gone", "Deja Vu", "Beautiful", "Sing For The Moment", "Airplanes Part II", and "Going Through Changes". In early 2010, Eminem responded publicly to tabloid reports of his pending reunion with Kim with a firm denial.
Eminem adopted two other daughters: Alaina "Lainey" Mathers, the child of Kimberley Scott's sister, who has been referenced by name in some Eminem songs including "Mockingbird", "Airplanes Part II" and "Going Through Changes"; and Whitney, Scott's child from a previous relationship. Whitney is mentioned in the song "Going through Changes." He is also the legal guardian of his younger half-brother, Nathan.
Legal troubles Edit
In 1999, Mathers' mother sued him for around US$10 million over alleged slander about her in his lyrics regarding The Slim Shady LP; she won only about US$1,600 in damages in 2001.
Mathers was arrested on June 3, 2000 during an altercation at a car audio store in Royal Oak, Michigan, with Douglas Dail, where he pulled out an unloaded gun and kept it pointed at the ground. The following day, in Warren, Michigan, he allegedly saw his then wife, Kim, kiss bouncer John Guerrera in the parking lot of the Hot Rock Café, and he assaulted him. He was given two years probation for both episodes.
In the summer of 2001, Mathers was sentenced to probation on weapons charges that stemmed from an argument with an employee of Psychopathic Records, giving him a fine around $2,000 as well as several hours of community service.
In 2007, his music publishing company, Eight Mile Style LLC, together with Martin Affiliated LLC, filed suit against Apple, Inc and Aftermath Entertainment claiming Aftermath did not have the appropriate authority to negotiate a deal with Apple for digital downloads of 93 Eminem songs on Apple's iTunes service. The case against Apple was settled shortly after trial began in late September 2009.
Drug issues Edit
Eminem has spoken openly about his addiction to prescription drugs, including Vicodin, Ambien, Valium and Methadone. His group-mate Proof from D12 stated that Mathers "sobered up" in 2002 from drug and alcohol dependence. However, he did turn to zolpidem (Ambien) sleeping pills for relief from sleeping troubles. This caused Mathers to cancel the European leg of the Anger Management Tour in August 2005 and eventually go into rehab for treatment for a "dependency on sleep medication". In a 2009 interview with British talk-show host Jonathan Ross, Mathers admitted that at the height of his addiction, he considered suicide, saying that, "I just wasn't taking care of myself, at times I wanted to just give it up." He also confirmed that he is now sober, commenting that, "[R]ap was my drug ... Then I had to resort to other things to make me feel that. Now rap's getting me high again."
Conflict with Mariah Carey Edit
Eminem has written several songs referring to a relationship with pop singer Mariah Carey, although she denies the claim. She says that they hung out but nothing sexual or intimate occurred. Eminem has referenced her on many songs that include "Superman", "Jimmy Crack Corn", "Bagpipes From Baghdad", and "The Warning". While "Superman" was released in 2003, Carey released a song entitled "Clown" on her Charmbracelet album, released around the same time, which makes similar references in line with her 2009 hit "Obsessed".
Eminem's "Bagpipes From Baghdad" from his album Relapse may be his most well known reference to Carey due to the controversy it caused. The song disparages Carey and husband Nick Cannon's relationship. Cannon responded to Eminem by saying his career is based on "racist bigotry", and that he would get revenge on Eminem, joking that he may return to rapping. Eminem later stated that the couple misinterpreted the track and it was wishing the two the best. Cannon also stated that there were no hard feelings, and that he just had to express his feelings about the song.
In 2009, Carey released "Obsessed" in which she sings about an obsessed man who claims to be having a relationship with her. Cannon claimed that the song was not an insult directed at Eminem. However, Eminem responded in late July 2009 by releasing a track titled "The Warning". It contained samples of voice mail recordings which Eminem claimed were left by Mariah Carey when the two were together. Eminem also hinted that he had other evidence of their relationship in his possession. A little over a year later in September 2010 Nick Cannon responded with the song "I'm a Slick Rick" which in Slick Rick's flow he takes shots at Eminem.
- Infinite (1996)
- The Slim Shady LP (1999)
- The Marshall Mathers LP (2000)
- The Eminem Show (2002)
- Encore (2004)
- Relapse (2009)
- Recovery (2010)
Number-one singles Edit
The following singles reached number one in the United States, Australia, Austria, Canada, Germany, Ireland, Italy, New Zealand, Switzerland, or the United Kingdom. For a full singles discography, see Eminem singles discography.
|Year||Song||Peak chart positions||Album|
|2000||"The Real Slim Shady"||4||11||6||5||7||1||4||15||2||1||The Marshall Mathers LP|
|"Stan" (feat. Dido)||51||1||1||—||1||1||1||14||1||1|
|2002||"Without Me"||2||1||1||4||1||1||2||1||1||1||The Eminem Show|
|"Lose Yourself"||1||1||1||1||2||1||1||1||1||1||8 Mile|
|2004||"My Band" (with D12)||6||1||1||4||9||2||2||1||3||2||D12 World|
|"Just Lose It"||6||1||4||5||2||2||2||1||1||1||Encore|
|2005||"Like Toy Soldiers"||34||4||8||—||8||3||8||2||3||1|
|"When I'm Gone"||8||1||7||—||6||5||—||2||7||4||Curtain Call: The Hits|
|2006||"Smack That" (with Akon)||2||2||9||2||5||1||30||1||3||1||Konvicted|
|2009||"Crack a Bottle" (feat. Dr. Dre and 50 Cent)||1||18||41||1||—||6||34||6||3||3||Relapse|
|"We Made You"||9||1||9||6||9||1||32||1||4||4|
|"Love the Way You Lie" (feat. Rihanna)||1||1||1||1||1||1||1||1||1||2|
|Total number-one hits||4||8||4||4||3||7||3||7||5||7|
Awards and nominations Edit
- Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Eminem
Eminem has eleven Grammy Awards. He has been praised for having "verbal energy", high quality of lyricism and has been ranked at number nine on MTV's list of The Greatest MCs of All Time, In 2003 he was listed as number thirteen on MTV's 22 Greatest Voices in Music and number 82 on Rolling Stone's "The Immortals". In 2008, the readers of Vibe Magazine voted him "The Best Rapper Alive". He was also named "Best Rapper Ever" taking down all opponents very easily in a poll which was conducted by music fans on the Vibe website.
Ironically, "The Real Slim Shady", one of the songs from his second Grammy-winning album, The Marshall Mathers LP, slammed the Grammy Awards in its second verse, and stated the opinion that negative feelings about his material would keep him from ever winning one.
Business ventures Edit
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Eminem — Biography
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 Eminem Bounces Britney From Top Spot
- ↑ Lefalaja.com
- ↑ Eminem Is The Best-Selling Artist Of The Decade – News Story | Music, Celebrity, Artist News | MTV News
- ↑ MTC.co.uk
- ↑ Eminem's 'Recovery' Tops Chart for Fifth Week
- ↑ Eminem Won't Budge From No. 1 On Billboard 200; Lil Wayne Tops Digital Songs. Billboard.biz. Retrieved on 2010-12-21.
- ↑ Caulfield, Keith (2011-01-05). "Eminem's 'Recovery' Is 2010's Best-Selling Album; Katy Perry's 'California Gurls' Top Digital Song". Billboard.com. Prometheus Media Group.
- ↑ Michael Jackson, the Beatles, Bob Dylan, Led Zeppelin and the Rolling Stones Top... – NEW YORK, Aug. 25 /PRNewswire/
- ↑ The Immortals: The First Fifty
- ↑ Eminem Is The Best Rapper Alive, According To Vibe Poll
- ↑ Eminem Will Score Biggest Sales Week of 2010
- ↑ Artists of the decade, Billboard.com
- ↑ 14.0 14.1 Billboard 200 albums, Billboard.com
- ↑ Billboard 200 albums, Billboard.com
- ↑ EMINEM – The Official Charts Company
- ↑ 17.0 17.1 The Nielsen Company & Billboard's 2010 Music Industry Report
- ↑ MTV Top 10 | Ep. 1 | Pop Icons #07 | Eminem | MTV Top 10 – episode 1deMTV Top 10 | Vídeo | MTV Portugal. Mtv.pt. Retrieved 2010-12-21.
- ↑ 19.0 19.1 19.2 Eminem's Biography
- ↑ Eminem's Scotland Concert Skirmish
- ↑ Ancestry of Eminem
- ↑ Eminem's mom gives her side of the story today.msnbc.com – November 6, 2008
- ↑ Bozza 2003, p. 119
- ↑ CBSNewsOnline (2010-10-10). "YouTube – Eminem's Road to Stardom". Excerpt from 60 Minutes. YouTube.
- ↑ 25.0 25.1 Eminem
- ↑ Slim Shady World :: Last updated on February 7, 2005
- ↑ Bozza 2003, p.14
- ↑ Bozza 2003, p.15
- ↑ Eminem biography
- ↑ Bozza 2003, p.16
- ↑ Royce da 5'9 — Biography
- ↑ Smut Peddlers: Split-Level Raunch
- ↑ Interview: His name is not Slim Shady
- ↑ Anish, Chandy. Eminem Biography. http://www.buzzle.com/editorials/4-28-2005-69211.asp
- ↑ 35.0 35.1 Bozza 2003, p.81
- ↑ Eminem
- ↑ 37.0 37.1 Timeline
- ↑ Eminem and his ex-wife remarry
- ↑ 39.0 39.1 "Eminem's criminal record", BBC News, April 11, 2001. Retrieved on July 8, 2008.
- ↑ Bozza 2003, p.60
- ↑ Some Marilyn Manson Scraps From the Road
- ↑ 150 Greatest Rock Lists Ever
- ↑ 25 years of Hip-hop
- ↑ The RS 500 Greatest Songs of All Time
- ↑ Eminem, Elton's 'Stan' Duet Proves Anticlimactic
- ↑ Eminem, Elton John To Duet At Grammys
- ↑ Geier, Thom; Jensen, Jeff; Jordan, Tina; Lyons, Margaret; Markovitz, Adam; Nashawaty, Chris; Pastorek, Whitney; Rice, Lynette; Rottenberg, Josh; Schwartz, Missy; Slezak, Michael; Snierson, Dan; Stack, Tim; Stroup, Kate; Tucker, Ken; Vary, Adam B.; Vozick-Levinson, Simon; Ward, Kate (December 11, 2009), "The 100 greatest movies, TV shows, albums, books, characters, scenes, episodes, songs, dresses, music videos and trends that entertained us over the past 10 years". Entertainment Weekly. (1079/1080):74-84
- ↑ Eminem Protesters Few But Passionate
- ↑ Four Hours Of Swagger From Dr. Dre And Friends
- ↑ Bozza 2003, p.70
- ↑ "The Eminem Show" — Overview
- ↑ Eminem – Tasteless, Incoherent, and Tired
- ↑ "Top 50 Global Best Selling Albums for 2002 (physical and digital album formats included)". IFPI. (PDF)
- ↑ Secret Service checks Eminem's 'dead president' lyrics
- ↑ "Encore" – Overview
- ↑ 56.0 56.1 Stevie Wonder has words to say about Eminem
- ↑ Eminem's new album doesn't build on previous success.
- ↑ Is the King of Pop losing it?
- ↑ Jackson Bashes Eminem in Fox Exclusive
- ↑ Michael Jackson buys rights to Eminem tunes and more
- ↑ Eminem's 'Mosh' Video Hits the Internet
- ↑ Eminem Targets Bush on New Track 'Mosh'
- ↑ Race for the White House: Eminem joins fight.(News)
- ↑ The Funeral – New Eminem Album
- ↑ Eminem Remarries Ex-Wife Kimberly
- ↑ Goldberg 2005, p. 139
- ↑ In America; A Musical Betrayal
- ↑ Goldberg 2005, p. 140
- ↑ 69.0 69.1 Eminem in rehab
- ↑ "Eminem's "Curtain Call," 3 New Songs, and Bonus Live Performance". RapSearch.Com. Retrieved 2010-07-17.
- ↑ Harris, Chris (2005-12-14). "Eminem Scores Fourth #1 Bow With Curtain Call". mtv.com. MTV Networks.
- ↑ "Gold & Platinum: Searchable Database" Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 2010-07-16.
- ↑ Robert Hilburn (September 23, 2007). Dr. Dre, mix marathon man L.A. Times. Retrieved September 22, 2007.
- ↑ RapBasement.com – Guess Who's Back, Back Again, Shady's Back, Tell A Friend (September 19, 2008)
- ↑ Jokesta (September 19, 2008). Reps Confirm New Eminem Album May Hit Stores 4th Quarter DefSounds. Retrieved September 20, 2008.
- ↑ Exclusive: Eminem Talks New Album, Book
- ↑ Eminem Gives Details On His Relapse
- ↑ Eminem Relapses Twice; 2 NEW Albums Coming
- ↑ Eminem stunt faked
- ↑ – Eminem Rocks New Orleans' Voodoo Fest With First Full Concert of 2009
- ↑ Eminem Speaks On New Album Recovery
- ↑ Eminem Notches Year's Highest Debut With Recovery
- ↑ Eminem's 'Recovery' Explodes At No. 1 on Billboard 200 With 741,000
- ↑ "Eminem Album & Song Chart History". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media.
- ↑ Hip Hop Album Sales: The Week Ending 11/21/2010 | Get The Latest Hip Hop News, Rap News & Hip Hop Album Sales
- ↑ Eminem to perform at 2010 BET awards
- ↑ Eminem And Jay-z Announce More "Home & Home" Dates
- ↑ "Top Rappers | Top 10 Rappers Of The 21st Century | Photos | OnTV". BET.com. Retrieved 2010-11-16.
- ↑ "MTV VMA Recap: Stage Rewind with Eminem, Rihanna, Taylor, Kanye and Bieber". 2010-09-13. Singersroom.com.
- ↑ Cantor, Paul (2010-10-24). "Eminem Is The Hottest MC In The Game!". MTV Networks.
- ↑ The 2010 HipHopDX Year End Awards | Discussing Lil' Wayne, Drake & Many More Hip Hop Artists. HipHopDX (2010-12-13). Retrieved on 2010-12-21.
- ↑ "Rihanna and Eminem to make a Love the Way You Lie sequel". 2010-10-19. Theboombox.com
- ↑ 93.0 93.1 "Nicki Minaj Gets 'Revenge' with Eminem". Rap-Up.com.
- ↑ New Eminem Album Coming Before 2011? | Get The Latest Hip Hop News, Rap News & Hip Hop Album Sales. HipHopDX (2010-11-12). Retrieved on 2010-12-21.
- ↑ T.I. f. Eminem – All She Wrote | New Hip Hop Music & All The New Rap Songs 2010. HipHopDX (2010-11-21). Retrieved on 2010-12-21.
- ↑ Dr. Dre f. Eminem – I Need a Doctor | New Hip Hop Music & All The New Rap Songs 2010. HipHopDX (2010-11-17). Retrieved on 2010-12-21.
- ↑ Eminem & Royce Da 5'9 – Echo [Prod. DJ Khalil] | New Hip Hop Music & All The New Rap Songs 2010. HipHopDX (2010-11-21). Retrieved on 2010-12-21.
- ↑ The Top 25 Music Moments of 2010 billboard.com. Retrieved 2010-12-20
- ↑ Re-Up CD
- ↑ Bozza 2003, p.19
- ↑ 101.0 101.1 D12 > Biography
- ↑ Music Fans Possessed by "Devil"
- ↑ Eminem, Obie Trice Speak At Packed Funeral For Proof
- ↑ Bizarre: Split Personality
- ↑ Eminem Naps Through His Oscar Victory
- ↑ VU Games, Eminem, and Dr. Dre debut 50 Cent: Bulletproof
- ↑ Eminem To Star In 'Have Gun, Will Travel'
- ↑ Eminem Almost Had Hayden Christensen's Role In 'Jumper'
- ↑ Hiphopdx.com
- ↑ Eminem, Aguilera to Appear on Entourage Season Finale
- ↑ Fleming, Mike. (2010-12-13) DreamWorks Teams With Eminem And Kurt Sutter For 'Southpaw'. Deadline.com. Retrieved on 2010-12-21.
- ↑ http://www.elmulticine.com/peliculas_listado2.php?orden=29861
- ↑ "Eminem movie project 'Random Acts of Violence' reported". freep.com. Detroit Free Press. 2011-01-08.
- ↑ Eminem, All Grown Up? Rapper to Release Tell-All" TV Guide. October 21, 2008. Retrieved on October 22, 2008.
- ↑ Hess, Mickey (2009). "Esham". Hip Hop in America: A Regional Guide: Volume 1: East Coast and West Coast. ABC-CLIO. pp. 411–413. ISBN 0313343233.
- ↑ 116.0 116.1 116.2 Edwards, 2009, p. 88.
- ↑ 117.0 117.1 117.2 117.3 117.4 117.5 117.6 117.7 117.8 117.9 Eminem, with Sacha Jenkins, 2008, The Way I Am, Dutton Adult, p. 20.
- ↑ Edwards, 2009, p. x.
- ↑ Edwards, 2009, pp. 5, 38.
- ↑ Edwards, 2009, p. 7.
- ↑ Edwards, 2009, p. 34.
- ↑ Edwards, 2009, pp. 66, 107.
- ↑ Edwards, 2009, p. 85.
- ↑ Edwards, 2009, p. 106.
- ↑ Edwards, 2009, pp. 120, 129.
- ↑ Edwards, 2009, p. 244.
- ↑ Edwards, 2009, p. 253.
- ↑ Edwards, 2009, p. 257.
- ↑ Edwards, 2009, p. 160.
- ↑ Edwards, 2009, p. 212.
- ↑ Edwards, 2009, p. 282.
- ↑ Guns & Lovers: Two Sides of 50 Cent
- ↑ For The Record: Quick News On Eminem And Jadakiss, William Hung, Blink-182, Beastie Boys, The Darkness & More
- ↑ White American
- ↑ Posthumous 2Pac and the Living Em
- ↑ Elton John goes hip-hop!
- ↑ Album Reviews
- ↑ Obie Trice Back For 'Seconds' On New CD
- ↑ Eminem Brings Weight To Trick Trick LP; Newcomer Says Slim Shady Hasn't Gotten Fat, Though
- ↑ 140.0 140.1 Interview With Marc Labelle
- ↑ 141.0 141.1 141.2 141.3 141.4 Marshall (Eminem) Mathers and Kimberley Scott Marriage Profile About.com. Retrieved on July 3, 2008.
- ↑ 142.0 142.1 142.2 Eminem and Kim to divorce again BBC; retrieved on July 3, 2008.
- ↑ Eminem divorces for second time BBC; retrieved on July 3, 2008.
- ↑ Eminem & Wife Reunion Denied
- ↑ Bozza 2003, p.69
- ↑ 146.0 146.1 Tour tickets available for a price
- ↑ Eminem Gets Two Years' Probation In Weapon Case
- ↑ Eminem Gets Probation
- ↑ 149.0 149.1 Ceoworld.biz
- ↑ 150.0 150.1 Crainsdetroit.com
- ↑ "Apple, Eminem headed for trial as talks break down," Stempel, Jonathan, 2009 September 23, reuters.com
- ↑ Eminem's Music Publisher, Apple Settle Dispute
- ↑ Eminem Bounces Back from 20-Pill-a-Day Addiction
- ↑ Has Eminem Gone The Way Of Mase And MC Hammer?
- ↑ Drug of choice: Fame can be its own drug but for a select few, it's just not enough
- ↑ 156.0 156.1 Eminem considered suicide
- ↑ Eminem Disses Mariah for Denying Relationship
- ↑ 158.0 158.1 Eminem Says Nick Cannon Misinterpreted Mariah Carey Dis. MTV News.
- ↑ Nick Cannon Fires Back At Eminem Over Mariah Carey Dis. MTV News.
- ↑ Nick Cannon Insists: No Beef With Eminem Over Mariah Carey Dis. MTV News.
- ↑ Is Mariah Carey's 'Obsessed' Directed At Eminem? MTV News.
- ↑ "l Nick Cannon: Mariah Carey's Not Dissing Eminem In 'Obsessed'. MTV News.
- ↑ Eminem Slams Mariah Carey, Nick Cannon In New Diss Track, 'The Warning'. MTV News.
- ↑ Nick Cannon Releases Eminem Diss Track
- ↑ Eminem Chart History
- ↑ Seamus Heaney praises Eminem. BBC. Retrieved July 31, 2007.
- ↑ The Greatest MCs of All Time MTV. Retrieved on July 8, 2008.
- ↑ Listology: MTV's 22 Greatest Voices in Music
- ↑ The Immortals: Rolling Stone
- ↑ Eminem Is The Best Rapper Alive | Eminem | Rap Basement
- Bozza, Anthony (2003). Whatever You Say I Am: The Life and Times of Eminem. New York, New York, United States: Crown Publishing Group. ISBN 1400050596
- Edwards, Paul (2009). How to Rap: The Art & Science of the Hip-Hop MC. Chicago, United States: Chicago Review Press. ISBN 1556528167
- Goldberg, Bernard (2005). 100 People Who Are Screwing Up America. New York, New York, United States: HarperCollins. ISBN 0060761288
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